Belgium Bandiera della Belgium

Cartina geografica della Belgium

 General informations

Country Name

Kingdom of Belgium



Surface Area

30.528 km2




11.322.088 (2017)


French, flemish e German



Fuso orario

Nessuna differenza rispetto all’Italia

Area code for Italy


Area code from Italy


 Country alerts

There have been no relevant reports in the past 90 days.


Yellow fever

Yellow fever vaccination is not required.

Tick-borne encephalitis

This viral disease is transmitted by the bite of infected ticks. Vaccination is recommended when staying in areas with a higher risk of infection. The risk decreases in the winter months.


Infection typically occurs through contact with the saliva of an infected animal, usually caused by bites, scratches or licks near open wounds or mucous membranes (e.g. mouth, nose, eyes). The most common vectors are dogs and bats, but cases of infection in other domestic animals have also been reported.


Caused by toxins released by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, the risk of tetanus infection is present throughout the country.

Insect bites and sting

Diseases such as West Nile virus are present in Western Europe. As the disease is transmitted by insect bites and there is no vaccine, it is important to adopt careful behavioural and preventive measures.

The following vaccinations are strongly recommended as these diseases can be contracted anywhere in the world. Experts advise that you protect yourself and other travellers by making sure you are up-to-date with all of the recommended vaccinations. This will allow you to travel safely, while minimising the risk of exposure to infection.

 Territory and climate


Belgium is located in Western Europe. To the northwest, the coastlines are lapped by the North Sea, while the Ardennes massif dominates to the south.

The climate is strongly influenced by the ocean. Temperatures are stable throughout the year and are generally cool due to the strong influence of westerly winds. Rainfall is frequent every month and are particularly heavy in the south. The coastal areas are slightly sunnier with less rain.


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