Indonesia Bandiera della Indonesia

Cartina geografica della Indonesia

 General informations

Country Name

Republic of Indonesia



Surface area

1,919,317 km2




253.3 million


Bahasa Indonesia


Indonesian rupee

Time zone

From +6 to +8 hours in relation to Italy

Area code for Italy


Area code from Italy


 Health alerts

There have been no relevant reports in the past 90 days.


Yellow fever

Yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for all travelers over 1 year old from at-risk countries or who have transited for more than 12 hours at airports in at-risk countries.


Cholera is transmitted through infected food and water. Vaccination is especially recommended if you will be travelling to rural areas where it is widespread and access to clean water is limited.

Japanese encephalitis

A disease of viral origin, it is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Vaccination is recommended for prolonged stays in rural regions, particularly between May and October.

Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A is generally transmitted through contaminated food and water, or through close physical contact with an infected person, while hepatitis B is transmitted through exposure to infected body fluids and blood.


Infection typically occurs through contact with the saliva of an infected animal, usually through bites, scratches or licks near open wounds or membranes (mouth, nose, eyes). The most common vectors are dogs and bats, but cases of infection in other domestic animals have also been reported.


Caused by toxins released by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, there is an endemic risk of contracting tetanus throughout the country.

Typhus Fever

Bacterial in origin, typhoid fever is transmitted through contaminated food and drink, especially in regions where sanitation conditions are poor.


Tuberculosis is an airborne disease of bacterial origin. Vaccination is recommended for all travelers at risk of developing severe symptoms or of coming into contact with infected individuals. It is likewise recommended for all travelers under the age of 16 who plan to reside in the country for more than 3 months


Malaria, transmitted by mosquito bites, is widespread throughout the country. As a vaccine is not yet available, you are advised to take both behavioural and, following medical consultation, pharmacological preventive measures.

Chikungunya, Dengue, Zika

These diseases are spread by mosquito bites and there is no vaccine. Therefore, it is important to take preventive measures by implementing behavioural prophylaxes.

Insect sting diseases

Diseases such as Leishmaniasis and Japanese River Typhus are found in Southeast Asia. Transmitted by insect bites and with no vaccine, it is important to take preventive measures with behavioural prophylaxes.

The following vaccinations are strongly recommended as these diseases can be contracted anywhere in the world. Experts advise that you protect yourself and other travellers by making sure you are up-to-date with all of the recommended vaccinations. This will allow you to travel safely, while minimising the risk of exposure to infection.

 Territory and climate

Indonesia is an island state in Southern Asia with about 14,000 islands located between the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and South China Sea. The territory includes the Greater Sunda Islands, the country's main islands, Sumatra, Java, Celebes and Borneo, the Lesser Sunda Islands (including Bali and Flores), the Moluccas Islands and the western part of New Guinea.

This vast archipelago forms a link between the Asian and Australian continents, and its location at the junction of several tectonic plates makes it one of the most seismically and volcanically active territories. In fact, there are more than 120 active volcanoes, including a hundred on Java alone.

The latter's southern coasts, along with those of Sumatra, face onto the Java Trench over 7,000 m deep to the south, and on the opposite side into the Java Sea, which, on the other hand, drops just 70 m.

Indonesia's climate is equatorial in the north and sub-equatorial in the southern islands. Temperatures are regular throughout the year, with almost no temperature fluctuations. The heaviest and most frequent rainfall in the west and along the coasts and is concentrated between October and April.

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