Ireland Bandiera della Ireland

Cartina geografica della Ireland

 General informations

Country Name

Republic of Ireland



Surface area

70,283 km2




4,581,269 (2011)


English, Gaelic


Euro (EUR)

Time zone

-1hr compared to Italy

Area code for Italy


Area code from Italy


 Country alerts

There have been no relevant reports in the past 90 days.


Yellow fever

Yellow fever vaccination is not required.


Infection typically occurs through contact with the saliva of an infected animal, usually caused by bites, scratches or licks near open wounds or mucous membranes (e.g. mouth, nose, eyes). The most common vectors are dogs and bats, but cases of infection in other domestic animals have also been reported.


Caused by toxins released by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, the risk of tetanus infection is present throughout the country.

Insect bites and stings

Diseases such as West Nile virus are present in Western Europe. As this disease is transmitted by insect bites and there is no vaccine, it is important to adopt careful behavioural and preventive measures.

The following vaccinations are strongly recommended as these diseases can be contracted anywhere in the world. Experts advise that you protect yourself and other travellers by making sure you are up-to-date with all of the recommended vaccinations. This will allow you to travel safely, while minimising the risk of exposure to infection.

 Territory and climate

Ireland is the second largest island in the British Isles. It overlooks the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the Celtic Sea to the south, and the Irish Sea to the east. The country is separated from Great Britain by the St. George's Channel and the North Sea.

Ireland's terrain is mostly flat and does not reach high altitudes. The lowlands end in the northwest and northeast, where the ragged reliefs give way to the winds of the Atlantic.

The climate is oceanic with frequent rainfall across the country in all seasons, although it is much sparser in the east, which is more sheltered from the Atlantic than the west. Winter temperatures rarely fall below 0°C, summer temperatures are cool with an average of approximately 15.5°C in July.

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