Lebanon Bandiera della Lebanon

Cartina geografica della Lebanon

 General informations

Country Name



Middle East

Surface area

10,400 km²






Arabic, French, English


Lebanese Lira (LBP)

Time zone

+1hr in relation to Italy

Area code for Italy


Area code from Italy


 Country alerts

There have been no relevant reports in the past 90 days.


Yellow fever

Yellow fever vaccination is not required.


Poliomyelitis is typically transmitted through infected water and food and is caused by three types of polio viruses. Infections caused by one type do not protect against the others. Vaccination is mandatory for travelers from high-risk countries.


Meningitis is endemic throughout the country. Pre-travel consultation to evaluate vaccination requirements is strongly recommended. The ACYW vaccine is mandatory for travelers to Haji, Umrah and bound for certain African countries.

Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A is generally transmitted through contaminated food and water, or through close physical contact with an infected person, while hepatitis B is transmitted through exposure to infected body fluids and blood.


Infection typically occurs through contact with the saliva of an infected animal, usually through bites, scratches or licks near open wounds or membranes (mouth, nose, eyes). The most common vectors are dogs and bats, but cases of infection in other domestic animals have also been reported.


Caused by toxins released by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, there is an endemic risk of contracting

Insect sting diseases

Diseases such as Chikungunya, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Rift Valley Fever are present in West Asia. Transmitted by insect bites and with no vaccine, it is important to implement careful prevention through behavioural prophylaxes.

The following vaccinations are strongly recommended as these diseases can be contracted anywhere in the world. Experts advise that you protect yourself and other travellers by making sure you are up-to-date with all of the recommended vaccinations. This will allow you to travel safely, while minimising the risk of exposure to infection.

 Territory and climate

A state in southwest Asia, it borders Syria to the north and east, with Israel to the south. It faces the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

The territory is bisected by the mountain range of the same name, which slopes westward toward the coastal plain and eastward toward the Beqaa Valley, which is hemmed in at the eastern end by the Ermon and Antiliban massifs.

The climate corresponds to this division: in the west it is temperate, with heavy rainfall during winter with rain on the coast and snow in the mountains. The eastern half, where there are no storms due to the presence of the Lebanon Mountains, is arid and hot, reflecting the characteristic features of the Syriac desert.

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