Tanzania Bandiera della Tanzania

Cartina geografica della Tanzania

 General informations

Country Name

Repubblica Unita di TANZANIA



Surface area

945,080 km2




55.2 million (2016)


Kiswahili and English


Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)

Time zone

+2hrs compared to Italy

Area code for Italy


Area code from Italy


 Country alerts

There have been no relevant reports in the past 90 days.


Yellow fever

Yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for all travellers aged 1 year or over arriving from at-risk countries or travellers who transit for more than 12 hours at airports in high-risk countries.


Cholera is spread by the consumption of contaminated food and water. Vaccination is recommended, especially if you intend to travel to rural areas where the disease is widespread and there is limited access to clean water.

Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A is usually transmitted by contaminated food and water, or close physical contact with an infected person, whereas Hepatitis B is transmitted by exposure to infected body fluids and blood.


Meningitis is endemic throughout the country. Pre-travel consultation to evaluate vaccination requirements is strongly recommended.


Infection typically occurs through contact with the saliva of an infected animal, usually caused by bites, scratches or licks near open wounds or mucous membranes (e.g. mouth, nose, eyes). Vectors

The most common vectors are dogs and bats, but cases of infection in other domestic animals have also been reported.


Caused by toxins released by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, the risk of tetanus infection is present throughout the country.


Bacterial in origin, typhoid fever is transmitted through contaminated food and drink, especially in regions with inadequate sanitary conditions.


Tuberculosis is an airborne disease of bacterial origin. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers at risk of developing severe symptoms or coming into contact with infected individuals. It is also recommended for all travellers under the age of 16, who plan to stay in the country for more than 3 months.


Transmitted by the bites of infected mosquito, malaria is prevalent in the country all-year-round in regions below an altitude of 1,800 metres. As a vaccine is still not available, you must take careful precautions to avoid mosquito bites and in some cases it may be necessary to take antimalarial medication, after thorough evaluation by a qualified doctor.


This disease is spread by the bites of infected mosquitos and there is no vaccine. Consequently, it is important to adopt careful behavioural and preventive measures.

The following vaccinations are strongly recommended as these diseases can be contracted anywhere in the world. Experts advise that you protect yourself and other travellers by making sure you are up-to-date with all of the recommended vaccinations. This will allow you to travel safely, while minimising the risk of exposure to infection.

 Territory and climate

Tanzania is an East African country, bordered by Uganda and Kenya to the north, Mozambique to the south, Zambia and Malawi to the southwest, Congo to the west, and Rwanda and Burundi to the northwest. Its shores overlook the Indian Ocean to the east.

The territory is divided into a continental region, Tanganyika, and an island region, incorporating the island of Zanzibar and other smaller islands. The continental region consists of a vast highlands, with average elevations of about 1,000 metres, which descend northward to Lake Victoria and the coastal plain in the east. The landscape is punctuated by the fissures of the Rift Valley, the most prominent of which follows the western border, and is hemmed in by reliefs that reach their highest peak on Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) in the northeast.

On the coast and islands the climate is hot and humid, while inland the altitude and lower humidity levels bring lower temperatures. The main rainy season is from November to May, with rainfall mostly concentrated along the coast, with almost no rain at all in the central region of the country.

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